Key Findings

Germany demonstrates that fighting climate change and phasing out nuclear power can be two sides of the same coin.

A lot of countries are struggling to fulfill their climate commitments. The decommissioned nuclear capacity was replaced with more renewables, conventional back-up power plants, and greater efficiency. Renewables reduce Germany’s emissions by around 130 million tons annually. Overall, Germany overshot its Kyoto target of a 21 percent reduction for 2012. By the end of 2012, Germany had reduced its emissions by 24.7 percent and is now moving towards its 2020 target of 40 percent reductions (relative to 1990). It is not yet clear, however, whether the 2020 target can be met; in 2015, the reduction had only reached 27 percent, leaving a large gap of 13 percentage points in only five years.